India 4th most powerful country in Asia; China loses ground to US

The Covid pandemic has weakened the power of Asian giants such as China and India in the Indo-Pacific region.

According to the report, major Asian countries saw a decline in influence, but the United States was able to build power through better diplomacy and maintain its position as the most influential country in the region. .. Loss of influence in China and India The Sydney-based Lowy Institute ranks 26 countries and territories in the 2021 Asian Electricity Index, which suffers from structural weaknesses in China’s demographics and financial system and has become more isolated, leading to China’s electricity readings. Said that it had declined.


According to the report, China lost its position in 2021 in half of the index’s electricity measures, from diplomatic and cultural influences to economic performance and future resources.

India was the fourth-strongest country in the region after the United States, Japan, and China, and one of the hardest hits compared to its pre-Covid growth trajectory.

The report states that India has lost its position in the past year on key parameters such as diplomatic impact and economic relations. However, India remained fourth on other power measures such as economic performance, military performance, resilience, and cultural influence.

The United States continues to have the greatest influence in Asia Compared to Asian powerhouses, the United States has gained more influence on the continent this year as President Joe Biden’s administration promoted better diplomatic relations and a rapid recovery from a pandemic with the help of vaccination. did.

According to the report, the United States recorded the first annual profit of sweep power in four editions of the Asian Power Index since 2018, against the downtrend in the general region.


That year, they also saw a marked increase in diplomatic influence, albeit from the lowest years of the previous Trump administration. Overall, Washington surpassed six of the eight indicators in the index in 2021 and increased from four in the previous year. According to the report, major US allies in the region and major equilibrium forces such as India depend more than ever on the US ability and willingness to maintain military and strategic equilibrium in response to the rise of China. is doing.

He states that increasing security uncertainty in the region represents a “significant” risk of war. “The depth of hostility, the breadth of competition between the United States and China, and the existence of multiple potential hotspots mean that the risk of war is significant.” However, the report states that the United States continues to face serious structural challenges, despite the significant benefits of competing with China in 2021.

In particular, losses elsewhere, including a decline in parameters such as military power and economic ties, have undermined the United States’ improvement over China in terms of four power indicators. Asian power games The report states that the impact of a pandemic on developing countries like India could be fueled by an increasing power imbalance between the United States and China, exacerbating the polarization of the Indo-Pacific region. Stated. Japan and India, which are most likely to contribute to the multipolar order of the region, would have lost more positions than China in 2021.


A think tank said, “The sea and men and women of all ages are separated by a large difference in the representative demographics of Asia, and Japan and India have shown similar rates of decline since 2018.”

India’s resources are beyond its control Think tanks said India continues to be a “minor” in the Indo-Pacific region compared to its resources and potential. “India’s rise to a true multipolar country-capacity comparable to China’s military and economic power will require decades of effort without guaranteeing success,” the report said. rice field.

The think tank said that while India strengthened its resilience and military power in 2021, it was hit hardest compared to its pre-pandemic growth path. In contrast, Japan has made a high leap in Asia, but has declined in the long run, the report said. He praised Tokyo for its efficient use of limited resources and its widespread diplomatic, economic, and cultural influence on the region. In addition, countries such as Australia, Singapore, and South Korea have more leverage than raw skills suggest, the report said.

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